How to Stake Solana: Beginner’s Guide to SOL Staking in 2024

Solana (SOL) is an innovative layer one blockchain that rivals Ethereum’s dominance in the smart contract platform sector. With its increasing popularity, SOL provides a unique opportunity for holders to earn yields through staking while contributing to the network’s security and decentralization.

Key Takeaways

  • Staking enhances the security of the PoS blockchain like Solana.
  • As of April 2024, Solana staking yields are approximately 7% APY.
  • Tokens not currently staked undergo a cooldown period before withdrawal is possible.
  • Various methods for staking SOL include solo staking, delegation, and liquid staking.
  • Risks involved in staking include slashing, exchange failure, and technical issues.

Understanding Solana Staking

Solana staking involves locking SOL tokens to support network consensus through validation. This act of staking not only secures the network but also earns stakers rewards for their contributions.

Solana uses a Proof of Stake (PoS) consensus mechanism where validators, either as individuals or pools, validate transactions and create new blocks.

How Does Staking Work on Solana?

  • Validators and Staking: To participate as a validator, users stake SOL tokens as collateral. Validators help maintain the network’s integrity by processing transactions and proposing new blocks.
  • Earning Rewards: Validators earn rewards from block confirmations, which are distributed to them and their delegators. The annual percentage yield (APY) for staking SOL is around 7%, varying with network conditions.

Requirements for Solana Staking

  • Anyone can become a validator without specific minimum SOL requirements. However, a “rent-exempt reserve” of 0.02685864 SOL is necessary for a vote account.
  • Running a validator requires considerable technical skills, a stable internet connection, and a suitable hardware setup as recommended by Solana Labs.

Methods of Staking SOL

  1. Solo Staking: Requires setting up and managing a validator node.
  2. Delegation: Less technical, involving allocating your SOL to an existing validator.
  3. Liquid Staking: Offers liquidity through receipt tokens which can be used while the original tokens are staked.

Choosing a Validator

When delegating SOL, it’s crucial to choose a reputable validator. Factors to consider include the validator’s performance history, fee structure, and uptime. Tools like provide detailed insights into each validator’s performance.

The Process of Delegating SOL

  1. Wallet Setup: Use a Solana-compatible wallet that supports staking.
  2. Creating a Stake Account: This account will manage your staked SOL.
  3. Delegating to a Validator: Assign your SOL to a validator from your stake account.

Withdrawal and Unstaking

  • SOL tokens can be undelegated or withdrawn after a cooldown period, which aligns with the network’s epoch schedule (roughly two days).
  • Undelegating involves switching your staked SOL to an inactive state before it can be withdrawn.

Risks of Staking SOL

  • Slashing: If the validator engages in dishonest practices, stakers might lose a portion of their staked SOL.
  • Technical Failures: Issues with the validator’s setup can affect reward earnings.
  • Market Volatility: Fluctuations in SOL’s price can impact the value of staked assets.

Best Practices for Staking Solana

  • Diversify Validators: Reduce risk by spreading your stake across multiple validators.
  • Stay Informed: Keep up with Solana updates and adjust your staking strategies accordingly.
  • Security Measures: Ensure your wallet and keys are secure to prevent unauthorized access.


Staking Solana offers a dual benefit of earning rewards and bolstering the network’s security. By understanding the mechanics of staking, choosing the right validator, and being aware of the risks, SOL holders can effectively participate in the network’s governance while growing their holdings.

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