A Deep Dive into Popular Bitcoin Valuation Models

Unlike traditional assets, Bitcoin’s value isn’t anchored in physical properties or institutional backing, challenging investors to seek innovative models for its appraisal. This exploration delves into three prominent approaches to understanding Bitcoin’s worth: comparison with gold’s market cap, stock-to-flow models, and analysis against sovereign debt risk.

Bitcoin and Gold: Evaluating Digital Scarcity

Gold has long been the quintessential store of value (SOV), with its scarcity and enduring physical properties. However, in our digitized world, gold’s physical limitations become apparent, setting the stage for Bitcoin, or “digital gold,” to offer a modern alternative. This analogy forms the basis for one method of valuing Bitcoin, drawing on gold’s market capitalization divided by Bitcoin’s fixed supply limit of 21 million coins. This approach yields two perspectives:

Total Gold Supply Valuation

By considering the entire 201,296 tonnes of gold ever mined against its current market price, gold’s market capitalization rounds to approximately $11.4 trillion. Dividing this figure by Bitcoin’s supply cap proposes a theoretical Bitcoin value of around $564,375.

Investable Gold Supply Valuation

A refined analysis considers only the gold available for investment, excluding jewelry and industrial uses. This calculation estimates Bitcoin’s potential value at about $220,106, based on the market cap of investable gold at $4.5 trillion.

The Stock-to-Flow Perspective

The stock-to-flow model, introduced by the analyst known as Plan B, offers a nuanced prediction tool based on scarcity. Originally applied to precious metals, this model evaluates Bitcoin’s existing supply against its production rate, revealing a strong correlation between this ratio and market value. Plan B’s innovative approach, including the original model and its expansion, S2FX, accurately aligns with Bitcoin’s price history and forecasts a surge to $288,000 by 2024.

Valuation Through Sovereign Debt Risk

Venturing into bond market territory, Greg Foss presents a valuation model centered on the risk of fiat currency collapse. Utilizing Credit Default Swaps (CDS) to quantify the default risk of governments, Foss extrapolates Bitcoin’s value as a defensive asset against fiat instability. His model suggests a Bitcoin valuation between $110,000 and $160,000, offering a stark perspective on the potential failings of traditional currencies.

Navigating Predictions and Skepticism

These varied valuation models converge on an optimistic outlook for Bitcoin’s future, buoyed by predictions from financial giants and market analysts that envision prices soaring as high as $400,000. However, amidst this enthusiasm, caution remains paramount. Voices of dissent, from tech moguls to esteemed economists, urge a measured approach to Bitcoin investment, highlighting the speculative nature and potential volatility of the cryptocurrency market.


As Bitcoin continues to disrupt the financial landscape, these valuation models provide a foundation for investors to assess its potential amidst the noise and fervor of the crypto space. Balancing optimism with critical analysis, investors are encouraged to navigate Bitcoin’s unpredictable journey with informed perspectives and prudent strategies.

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